Pentadesma butyracea Sabine fruits and seeds

Kouyaté A.M., ALI IDRISS A.M., Diarra I. 2013. Assessment of the morphological traits of Pentadesma butyracea Sabine fruits and seeds in the Farako protected forest. IER, Mali.

 

Abstract

The study was carried out to understand the variation in the morphological traits of Pentadesma butyracea fruits and seeds. The results showed that the species’ trees have a circumference of 127.5 ± 48.36 cm and a crown with 11.84 ± 3.19 m diameter These tress provided an average of 19 fruits weighting 5.05 ± 2.05 kg. The circular and elliptical large fruits measured 10.25 ± 0.88 cm in length and 8.53 ± 0.69 cm in width. Fruit weight varied from 179 to 450 g. For seeds, the length and width reached 3.75 ± 0.42 and 2.77 ± 0.39 cm, respectively. Our results confirm the existence of a high morphological variability among trees of the Pentadesma butyracea population in Farako forest.. Highly significant and positive correlations were observed between the width and weight of fruits (r = 0.75) and between length and weight of the fruits (r = 0.84). The high value of the coefficient of determination (R ² = 0.71) revealed the relevance of the regression equation linking the fruits weight and length.

 

QualiTree

works to improve sustainable use of local tree species for fair-trade production of oils for food and cosmetics in Mali and Burkina Faso through a collaboration between researchers, private industries and local communities.

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